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  • Flu consultations increase 78% in a week

    Flu consultations increase 78% in a week

    Monday, 15 January 2018 10:57
  • New COPD pathway launched

    New COPD pathway launched

    Friday, 12 January 2018 14:53
  • MHRA warns of confusion over drug names and potential for errors

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    Thursday, 11 January 2018 12:40
  • Co-dydramol strengths and herbal medicines among latest Drug Safety Update advice

    Co-dydramol strengths and herbal medicines among latest Drug Safety Update advice

    Wednesday, 10 January 2018 16:08
  • DVLA guidance on assessing patients with sleep apnoea updated

    DVLA guidance on assessing patients with sleep apnoea updated

    Tuesday, 09 January 2018 11:49

a plane imageSeptember 20 2017

There were 1,618 cases of malaria reported in the UK in 2016, an increase of 15.6% on 2015, Public Health England has announced. However, the trend for the decade has shown some fluctuation. The mean of 1,533 cases annually over the decade is “a significant decrease of 21% (p<0.01) compared to the mean for the previous 10 years (1,944).”

 England saw the most cases with 1,529, while Scotland had 58, Wales 25 and Northern Ireland 6. Plasmodium falciparum was the main cause. Six deaths were associated with malaria importations in 2016, the same as in 2015, and all were due to falciparum malaria acquired in Sub-Saharan and Southern Africa.

The figures are contained in the latest Health Protection Report from PHE. It has also updated its guidance for those advising travellers about the implications of malaria being brought into the UK. The report gives updated data on population and geographical distribution of where patients receive medical help in the UK.

“Where ethnicity was known, the majority of malaria cases that travelled abroad from the UK (75%, 763/1,011), were of Black African ethnicity or African descent,” it says. For non-white British cases, where reason for travel was known, 707 out of 785 (90%) were “VFR travellers”, ie those who had travelled to visit family in the country of origin.

In terms of chemoprophylaxis, where the history of antimalarial medication was obtained, 83% of cases (609 out of 731) had not taken any preventive medication.

“These data imply that health messages about the importance of antimalarial chemoprophylaxis are still not reaching groups who are at particular risk of acquiring malaria, eg those who are visiting family in their country of origin, particularly those of Black African heritage and/or born in Africa, or they are not acting on these messages,” says the report.

Links:
PHE HPR volume 11 issue 31: news (8 September)           
PHE Malaria in the UK: annual report       

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